Document Forgery: Impacts and How to Report the Forgery

Pemalsuan dokumen

Document forgery cases are rampant and one of the most serious threats in the modern world, which can harm individuals, companies, and even countries as a whole.

You need to recognize the forms of document forgery and understand how to report it to avoid potential damages. In this article, eendigo will elaborate on the forgery of documents, its impact, regulations in Indonesia on the forgery, and how to report it. Read more.


Document forgery is the act of altering, adding, or deleting information on a document to deceive or mislead another party, as well as obtaining personal gain or certain interests. This action is a criminal offense regulated in the Indonesian Criminal Code.

Criminal actors commonly forge various types of documents, including land certificates, employment contracts, and other official papers. Even personal identities such as identity cards (KTP) or driver’s licenses (SIM) are often targeted for forgery.

In this context, forgery of documents includes changing identities, modifying dates or addresses in documents, forging signatures, or even changing all the information contained in a document.

Read also: Conditions of Acquiring an Electronic Tax Certificate and How to Have One

Indonesian Laws on the Forgery

signature forgery law

In Indonesia, the act of document forgery is explicitly stipulated in the Criminal Code, specifically in articles 263 and 264 of the Criminal Code. These articles provide a strong legal basis to prosecute and punish perpetrators of document forgery.

Article 263 of the Criminal Code stipulates a maximum sentence of 6 years imprisonment for those found guilty of document forgery.

Meanwhile, Article 264 of the Criminal Code addresses the maximum penalty of 8 years imprisonment that can be imposed for forgery of certain documents such as letters of credit, dividend (interest) receipts, share certificates, and other authentic deeds.

Read also: 3 Ways to Check the Validity of Electronic Signatures


Document forgery can have a serious impact on a company, both operationally and reputationally. The following are the impacts of document falsification.

1. Financial Loss

Companies can suffer financial losses due to fraud involving forged documents. This impact can manifest in the form of fraudulent payments, false claims, or business transactions that cost the company money.

2. Damaged Reputation

The forgery of documents can damage a company’s reputation in the eyes of customers, business partners, and other stakeholders. When a company is associated with fraudulent practices, the loss of trust is difficult to restore.

3. Legal Punishment and Sanctions

Companies involved in the forgery of documents can face legal consequences, such as hefty fines, civil sanctions, or even criminal charges depending on the severity of the legal violations involved.

4. Legal and Litigation Risks

Falsification of documents can open up opportunities for lawsuits by aggrieved parties, such as business partners, employees, or consumers. Companies can be involved in costly and damaging litigation.

5. Market and Stock Instability

If the company is listed on the stock market, involvement in document falsification may lead to stock price fluctuations and market instability as investors may lose confidence in the company.

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How to Report

Reporting document forgery is an important step in upholding justice and protecting yourself or an affected party. Here are some ways to report document falsification.

1. Gather Evidence

The first step you should take is to gather evidence of the crime. This can include comparing the forged document with the original document, identifying the perpetrator, and finding witnesses who can support your claim. Strong evidence will make the investigation process easier and strengthen the case later on.

2. Apply for Report to the Authorities

Once you have sufficient evidence, the next step is to apply for a report to the police. You can visit the nearest police station or contact the local police call center to get more information.

Make sure to bring all the evidence you have collected, such as fake documents, original documents, and the identity of the perpetrator.

3. Inform Further Details

Once you have filed a report, the police will likely need more information from you.

Be prepared to give an in-depth account of the incident, show the evidence you have, and answer questions posed by the authorities. This will help the police understand the case better and guide their investigation.

4. Commit Further Investigation

Once your report is received, the police will begin the process of further investigation. This includes examining evidence, interviewing witnesses, and further tracing the identity of the perpetrator.

During this time, it is important to remain cooperative and provide additional information if needed. You may also request periodic updates on the progress of the investigation.

5. Consult Lawyers if Need Be

If the investigation process requires further legal assistance, consider consulting a lawyer.

Lawyers can provide legal guidance, advise you on your rights, and help ensure that the legal process is fair and compliant.

6. Wait for Legal Decision

Once the investigation process is complete, you will need to wait for a legal decision from the authorities. This may include the prosecution of the perpetrator of the document forgery and the determination of the legal sanctions applied.

Be sure to stay in touch with the investigator to understand the outcome of the investigation and the legal decision.

Through these steps, you can help ensure that the perpetrators of document falsification are held accountable for their actions and prevent the recurrence of similar cases in the future.

Document forgery is detrimental to many parties. After knowing how damaging the crime can be, one of the solutions that you can use is eendigo OCR software.

Through the use of this application, your documents can be protected from document forgery through sophisticated document analysis and verification using artificial intelligence (AI). More than that, eendigo‘s OCR application can facilitate data processing by using machines automatically.

You can try the demo version of the eendigo application first by contacting us here and experience accelerated form filling based on government data, reduced human error, and improved operational efficiency yourself!